Indian Community in the UAE
The Indian Community in the UAE, numbering 2 million, constitutes around 25% of the total population. With the emergence of the need for professionals to meet the need of the expanding service sector, the profile of the Indian community changed and now 15-20% of the Indian Community is made up of professionally qualified personnel followed by 20 percent white collar non-professionals (clerical staff, shop assistants, sales men, accountants, etc) and remainder 65% comprises of blue-collar workers. The economic boom in the UAE created a huge demand for short-term immigrant labour which witnessed increasing numbers of white collar non-professionals and professionals coming from India in the recent years.
The general problems faced by the community are:
The grievance redressal mechanisms were earlier grossly inadequate and biased in favor of the employer. Over the last few years, there has been a steady improvement in their situation both in terms of the treatment of the workers and grievance redressal mechanisms. Indian Workers Resource Centre (IWRC), with a 24-hour helpline, was inaugurated in Dubai by Hon’ble President of India in November 2010.